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Nationalist Government Era (1945-1978)

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  • Last updated:2021-01-08
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Year  Date  Events 
1945 11.1 The Ministry of Judicial Administration appointed Mr. Chiang Wei-tsu as the first chief prosecutor of the Taiwan High Court, took over the “Taiwan Soutokufu High Court Prosecutorial Office” and changed its name to “Taiwan High Court Prosecutors Office.” The District Court “Prosecutorial Bureau” was renamed to “Prosecutors Office”. The take-over was completed on January 10, 1946.
  11.9 The Executive Yuan promulgated the “Regulations on Prosecutor in Commanding the Judicial Police” and the “Contact method between the prosecutor and the judicial police.”
1946 1.16 The Nationalist Government promulgated the “Regulations on the Handling of Criminal Cases by Taiwan Courts.” (An important reference for prosecutors in handling criminal cases)
  1.19 The Nationalist Government announced the “Detention Act.”
1947 6.1 The “Taiwan High Court First Branch” was newly established in Tainan. On January 1, 1948, it was renamed “Taiwan High Court Tainan Branch Court.”
1949 1.3 The Minister of Judicial Administration Tse Guan-sheng resigned, and the new director Mei Ju-ao had not yet took office, so vice minister Chao Shen acted as the acting minister.
  4.4 Chang Chi-ben was appointed as the Minister of Judicial Administration.
  8.17 The Supreme Court Prosecutors Office announced the implementation of the “Supreme Court Prosecutors Office Taiwan Office” and set up an office in Taipei.
  12. Pingtung District Court, Penghu District Court and Taitung District Court were separately established. The above-mentioned courts all set up prosecutors offices.
  (no record of date) Chu Huan-pan took over as the chief procurator of the Supreme Court prosecutors office. (The first Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme Court since the Nationalist Government retreated to Taiwan.)
1950 2.2 The Supreme Court’s Prosecutors office moved to Taiwan, and the Ministry of Judicial Administration ordered the abolition of the Taiwan office.
  3.16 Lin Bin succeeded as the Minister of Judicial Administration. (The first Minister of Judicial Administration after the Nationalist Government retreated to Taiwan.)
  7.26 The Ministry of Judicial Administration promulgated the “Regulations on Training of Judicial Personnel for the Ministry of Judicial Administration” to set up a “Judicial Personnel Training Course”, the first time the training of judicial personnel was conducted in Taiwan. 
1951 1.20 The Taiwan High Court Prosecutors Office issued “Precautions for Prosecutors Office of Taiwan Courts in Handling of Cases and General Business.” 
  11.6 Set up the Fujian High Court Xiamen Branch Prosecutors Office. 
1952 1.23 Chao Chen took office as the chief procurator of the Supreme Court prosecutors office. 
1954 3.11 Chao Chen, the Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme Court Prosecutors Office, ordered the chief prosecutor of Taiwan High Court with a note to closely investigate the case of Wu Guo-chen's slandering of the government and his alleged corruption. 
  6.1 Gu Feng-hsiang took office as the Minister of Judicial Administration. 
1955 2.7 The Judicial Officer Training Institute was established, and the first judicial officer training course started.
  2.10 Chao Chen, the chief procurator of the Supreme Court prosecutors office, wrote a written order to the prosecutors in his office to investigate the Li Chong-ren rebellion case. 
1956 1.30 The Ministry of Judicial Administration handled the first judicial officer appointment qualification review in 1956. 
1958 5.28 Prosecutor Huang Shiang-jien of Taiwans Taichung District Court Prosecutors Office refused to accept the ruling of the court of first instance that Nantou County’s Mayor Li Guo-zhen was not guilty in his alleged corruption case and decided to appeal. The chief prosecutor did not approve the appeal, so he filed for appeal as the prosecutor of the case to the court, and then submitted the “Grounds for appeal” to the chief prosecutor with a petition for approval. The chief prosecutor rejected the petition with the reason of “ordered not to appeal”. Afterwards, the case was disclosed by the magazine, the Control Yuan launched an investigation and the chief prosecutor was dismissed. Li Guo-zhen was eventually found not guilty in the second instance court because he could not be proved to have committed the crime.
1960 6.1 Cheng Yen-fan took office in the Ministry of Judicial Administration.
1967 12.6 Cha Liang-chien was appointed as the Minister of Judicial Administration. 
1968 8.1 The Taiwan High Court Prosecutors Office established the “Taiwan Region Criminal Data Center.” 
1969 12.4 Wang Chien-chin took office as the chief procurator of the Supreme Court Prosecutors Office. 
1970 7.10 The President specially appointed Wang Ren-yuan as the Minister of Judicial Administration.
1976 6.11 Wang Dao-yuan took office as the Minister of the Ministry of Judicial Administration. 
1978 6.1 Li Yuan-tsu took office as the Minister of the Ministry of Judicial Administration.
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